A companion to the editor's previous volume, Communicating Employee Responsibilities and Rights, this book summarizes the current state of knowledge in the area of employee responsibilities and rights and points to future directions for research and practice. The contributors examine the theory behind employee rights and responsibilities and suggest the need for a shift from discipline-specific orientations to the development of an interdisciplinary paradigm. They emphasize the need to look at rights and responsibilities issues from a broad management context and examine the management of the various issues in modern organizations. Detailed case studies of programs that have worked well, short case examples, court decisions, and quantified data document specific ideas throughout the book. The book is divided into four sections, beginning with two introductory essays. Three chapters follow that address legal issues such as legislation to protect against unjust discharge, the current status of wrongful dismissal legislation, and trends in Title VII discrimination legal theories. In the next seven chapters that address human resources and management education perspectives, the contributors treat topics involving positive discipline, internal mechanisms for resolving employee complaints, the ombudsman model of managing employee rights, whistleblowing, and the responsibilities of management education to help fulfill the rights of students and future business leaders. The concluding section contains two chapters and examines whether employee rights strategies are desired or required and develops a social constructionist and political economic perspective of employee rights. Taken together, these chapters offer the most comprehensive exposition of this complex subject available to date.
This book describes some of the theories of biological aging and the evidence for those theories. The topics included are those on defining aging, model systems for studying aging, the effect of environmental temperature, the genetic basis of aging, protective enzymes, free radicals, lipid peroxidation, antioxidants, singlet oxygen, iron, cadmium, chelators, copper, aluminum, Alzheimer's disease, chromium, lead, boron, neutrons, light, exercise, anti-inflammatory agents, vitamin A, and mercury. The books ends with speculations on how all these factors might affect the human aging process.
This two-volume reference book will present imaging technology currently used in clinics or at experimental stages for diagnosis and/or early detection of various cancers, including anticancer vaccines, surgical techniques, chemotherapy, radiation, and gene therapies. Cancers discussed will include breast, lung, liver, prostate, cervical, brain, gastrointestinal, ovarian, gallbladder, esophageal, head and neck, bronchial, bone, thyroid, pancreatic, lymphoma, melanoma, and multiple myeloma malignancies. Approximately 100 research scientists and clinicians from more than 20 countries will contribute chapters.
TO THE READER. I commit this little work upon the Hippodrome to both the learned and the unlearned in the Antiquities of Constantinople. From the former I ask, and am sure of, charitable and sympathetic judgment, even as they appreciate to the full the labour and difficulty through which one strives to plod his way to the truth concerning the past days of this ancient city. To the latter I trust its perusal may afford a pleasant hour, and above all a stimulus to study themselves this and kindred subjects, of which Constantinople is so suggestive and in which it is so rich. Edwin A. Grosvenor 1889
The sound management of public finances is, in Williams' view, the most important factor in attaining the twin objectives of economic growth and improvement in the standard of living in small open developing economies. While looking at the challenges of public finance management in small states, with a focus on Barbados, this book suggests strategies of fiscal and microeconomic management for small economies that will permit them to ensure macroeconomic stability while promoting economic growth and development. In discussing the philosophy of public finance, it examines small size and openness, using both traditional criteria and modern perspectives of liberalized systems. It deals with the challenge of avoiding overly expansionary budgets and the need for counter cyclical policies in relation to macroeconomic objectives.
This book also discusses state involvement in commercial types of enterprise and the implications for efficiency and economic growth. The Keynesian approach to fiscal spending is compared with the structuralist approach, which takes into account initial conditions and inflexibilities facing small developing economies. The government's role in financing accelerated economic development, its social responsibility, and the balancing need for fiscal discipline are also considered. The public finance performance of governments is seen as facing important challenges to its capacity to champion economic development given the increasing global perception of a mostly regulatory and stabilizing role of government.
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